Apartment plants

Dry Anthurium


Question: anthurium without flowers


Hi, I need your help to save my Anthurium! It was given to me 6 years ago with beautiful red flowers (once dried out it has not bloomed) on the other hand it has grown so much and its leaves were green and luxuriant. About 2 weeks ago from the glass jar (I was given so) I transplanted it into a plastic pot with the appropriate manure by adding liquid fertilizer (directed towards the roots) and I continued to water it as I always did but it is annoying. Will it be recoverable?
Waiting for your reply, I send my greetings and thanks for your advice. Giusi


Dry Anthurium: Answer: anthurium without flowers


Dear Giusy,
Anthuriums are highly cultivated plants in apartments in Italy, because although the climatic conditions in the home are not ideal for the development of this plant, Anthuriums are quite resistant, and tend not to suffer excessively. They are native plants of the South American forests, accustomed to a climate without large temperature changes, but definitely much more humid than the one present at home. Generally they are placed in containers of various types, even in glass jars, because in this way it is possible to maintain a greater quantity of humidity around the roots; clear that, in these cases, they should not be over-watered, to avoid damage or disease to the roots. If you have cultivated your anthurium for six years, it means that you were able to find the right combination of humidity and temperature; the fact that the anthurium produced many leaves indicates that in any case, despite the absence of flowers, it had found a suitable climate for its development. But the lack of flowers is certainly a symptom of the fact that the conditions were good, but not the best possible. Unfortunately, anthuriums are plants that are easy to keep alive, but not so easy to make bloom. On the one hand, consider that in the breeding nursery your anthurium will have had the best possible conditions for several months, with foliar fertilizer, waterings that simulate rain, light that simulates natural light. Therefore, already in the moment in which the plant was moved from the cultivation nursery to the place of sale, it has certainly undergone a stress, due to the climatic differences. At home, these plants do not like direct sunlight, but in order to flower they need to be grown in a bright place, free of temperature changes, with a high environmental humidity. The only place I know of with these characteristics is more like a tempered greenhouse, with controlled humidity, rather than an apartment. Surely then, the repotting, even if necessary when the plants tend to be much larger than the container, is always another source of stress, from which the plant can take months to recover. In your case, in my opinion, you also made a couple of mistakes: anthuriums in nature are semi-epiphytic plants, meaning that their large roots sink into a very free substrate, consisting of plant residues and pebbles or small rocks. When we repot an anthurium, we will have to look for a very fresh, very well drained soil made up of universal soil mixed with pebbles of pumice stone or lapillus, so that the air penetrates well into the soil. Avoid putting manure in the soil of houseplants, especially to prevent it from coming into contact with the roots, as you risk burning them. Anthuriums require regular fertilization, to be practiced once a week, but using minimal amounts of fertilizer; and above all, never insert the fertilizer directly into the soil, near the roots, without dissolving it in water: the dilutions on the package are checked, and the fertilizer and water are mixed; a few days after repotting, when the plant begins to stabilize, the first fertilization can be done, reading the supply frequency on the product container. If you decide to give the fertilizer more often, you need to dilute it more. An example, if on the label of your fertilizer there is written to add a small glass per liter of water, every fifteen days, but you want to fertilize every week; then use half a glass each liter of water. And in any case, do not reuse the solution for several days, because there are very few plants that can tolerate an excess of mineral salts in the soil. If your anthurium is still alive, repot it with fresh compost-free soil; only in a couple of months you can start again with the fertilizer. To increase the humidity of the environment, it is also good to regularly spray the leaves about once a week.