Grow Camellia

How to water the camellia

The Camellia, the flowering plant known as Camelia, belongs to the Theaceae, which are sold in Italy in more than 800,000 specimens per year. A beautiful flowering plant that in China and Japan, its places of origin, can reach 10 meters in height. Camellia is not difficult to grow, however, to grow luxuriant and give its typical and elegant blooms, it has some specific needs. First of all, like all flowering plants, it loves to be outdoors, so it tolerates enclosed spaces for a short time. In the garden it is preferable to place the camellia so that it is not always in the sun, the camellia loves it, but it tolerates it for a few hours and never in the hottest ones. The place must be damp, to favor the development of buds and buds, but the soil must not freeze, therefore the suitable outdoor positions are protected corners or near walls and dwellings. It is necessary to water the camellia also during the winter, checking that between one watering and another, the soil is dry, while in spring and summer it must remain moist but not soggy. Finally, the camellia likes to have clean leaves, so just spray them once a week.

How to grow Camellia

The Camellia plant is a very branched woody shrub, with bright and green leathery leaves. The camellia flowers are solitary and have variegated shades and shapes, classified as single flower, double seed, double, classic double, anemone and begonia. The most popular types of camellia are: Camellia Japonica, Sasanqua and Reticulata. The Camellia Japonica includes all types of flower shapes that bloom from February to May, in colors from white to pink and from red to intense purple. The Camellia Sasanqua blooms from November to the end of March, its flowers are only simple, white, pink and red. Camellia Reticulata produces very showy flowers, even up to 20 cm wide, in all shades of red and pink. To take care and make these beautiful flowering plants flourish, you need to know their shy nature and know that if on the one hand they love being outdoors, on the other they do not tolerate temperatures below freezing. They prefer damp places, as is the climate of China and Japan, their countries of origin. Furthermore, camellias prefer sheltered and not brazenly sunny locations.

When to fertilize the Camellia

All species of Camellia, the beautiful flowering plant that gives blooms since the beginning of March and in some species until September, to grow luxuriantly, prefer a type of acid soil rich in organic substances. Whether in pots or buried in the garden, the Camellia plant needs soil mixed with decomposed leaves or bark, pine needles, peat, etc. but above all in addition of sand, the indispensable element to favor water drainage. The Camellia roots love the humid environment, but they do not tolerate water stagnation. To cultivate the Camelia and enjoy its elegant flowering, it is necessary to follow a fertilization plan that starts from March. The best fertilizer for Camellia, is composed of a rich mixture of Nitrogen and Potassium, also Phosphorus but in a lower dose. The nitrogen promotes the development of camellia and gives the leaves an intense color, as well as influencing the preparation of the flowering and strengthening the whole plant. Potassium also strengthens the flowering, but above all accentuates the color of the flowers. Particularly suitable is potassium sulphate which contains nitrogen, therefore suitable for the growth of this flowering plants.

Grow Camellia: Most common diseases of Camellia and effective remedies

In the life of the camellia different pathologies can appear, often caused by nutritional deficiencies or excesses. When the leaves of the plant are fragile and yellowed it is likely that there are deficiencies of nitrogen or that the camellia struggles to strengthen the new roots, thus a symptom of unsuitable or excessively calcareous soil. The remedy is to repot the plant in appropriate soil or to introduce more nitrogen-based fertilizer. If, for example, flowering is slow and the flowers are struggling to bloom, the problem concerns excessive doses of nitrogen. If the shoots and small leaves come off before reaching full growth, there is an obvious lack of phosphorus, but it could also be the cause of excess water in the soil or little exposure to the sun. The remedy is to move the camellia to open air and fertilize with phosphorus-based mixtures. Potassium deficiency is the most dangerous, manifested by dull blooms and the weakening of the plant that becomes susceptible to fungi and Cocciniglia. The remedy is to remove the parasites with a cotton pad, soaked in alcohol and soap, or with specific pesticides, sold by the best nurserymen.